Dr. Rafael Gonzalez, Ph.D. serves as Vice President of Research & Development at DaVinci Biosciences and is responsible for the development of clinical stem cell applications for several disease/trauma states. Dr. Gonzalez has been Member of Advisory Board at BioStem Technologies, Inc. since October 2014. Dr. Gonzalez has expertise in degenerative disorders involving the spinal cord and has extensive experience in stem cell culture and biology from human embryonic, pre-natal and adult sources. Prior to joining DaVinci Biosciences, Dr. Gonzalez served as a Research Scientist at PrimeGen Biotech where he was responsible for the design and execution of experiments involving adult (bone marrow, menstrual blood, adipose) and pre-natal stem cells (neural, bone marrow, liver, gonadal) for potential clinical application. Dr. Gonzalez was also responsible for developing PrimeGen’s pre-clinical stem cell/spinal cord injury model. Dr. Gonzalez developed his thesis at the Reeve-Irvine Research Center, University of California, Irvine, under the advisory of Dr. Hans Keirstead, entitled: “The Role of the Chemokine CXCL10 in Secondary Degeneration Following Spinal Cord Injury”. Pre-clinical studies conducted during this time lead by Dr. Gonzalez were aimed at reducing secondary degenerative effects. The studies conducted by Dr. Gonzalez and Dr. Keirstead precipitated the start-up of Ability Biomedical, a company that developed anti-IP10 antibody, an antibody which can be used to treat several degenerative disorders such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and SCI. Ability Biomedical was purchased by Medarex in 2007 which was purchased by Bristol-Myers Squibb that sponsors a phase II clinical trial using anti-IP10 antibody (MDX-1100). He also was involved with preclinical studies in the development of the use of human embryonic stem cells into spinal cord injury. Dr. Gonzalez has several scientific publications in the field of stem cells, spinal cord injury and the immune system. Dr. Gonzalez received his BS in Biological Science and his Ph.D. in Anatomy and Neurobiology from the University of California, Irvine, CA.