These are test question samples from the American Academy of Stem Cell Physicians Board Examination.
1. Which of the following statements are true concerning the T1 immune system?
A. is mediated by macromolecules found in extracellular fluids 
B. an immune response that does not involve antibodies
C. It is considered a “slow “response
2. The term “CD” such as CD-133 stand for what?
A. Circumferential diameter
B. Cytokine dimension
C. Cytoplasmic difference
D. Cluster of differentation
3. All of the following are considered “CD” markers of hematopoietic stem cells except the following:
A. CD 34
B. CD 133
C. CD 90
4. A characteristic of mesenchymal stem cells is plastic adherence.  True or false
5. What area is typically the BEST source of harvesting regenerative hematopoietic stem cells?

A. The Tibia
B. The Hip
C. The anterior Ilium
D. The Posterior Iliac Crest
6.  Bone marrow aspirate and PRP contain similar amounts of IL-1 a (IRAP).  True or False
7.  Low level Light Therapy (LLLT) has the following effects except

A. Effects on mitochondria increasing ATP production
B. Several transcription factors are regulated by LLLT
C. Mitochondria are principle photoreceptors
D. Modulates Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS)
E. Diminishes DNA activity

8. Nitric Oxide can have metabolic effects on a variety of areas. Which of the following is false?  
A. Neural tissue and the skeletal muscle
B. can be associated with inflammation
C. can increase stem cell output from the bone marrow
D. it helps in the conversion of white fat to brown fat
9.  Numbers of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in bone marrow diminish as we age.  True or False
10.  Numbers of MSCs in fat stay relatively constant in Adipose tissue.  True or False

11. Concerning MUSE cells which of the following are true?
A. Probably Unipotent
B. Very high survival rate upon transplantation
C. Adipose or bone marrow tissue derived
D. Display high efficiency for differentiating into
three germ layers from a single cell: Endoderm,Mesoderm, Ectoderm
E. Seem to be most related to Hemopoietic stem cells
1. A and B are correct
2. A and B and C are correct
3. A and E are correct
4. All are correct
5. B and C and D are correct
12. When aspirating bone marrow which size syringe is thought to be most appropriate according to the work of Hernigou et al
A. 20 CC syringe
B. 60 CC
C. 5 CC
D. 10 CC
13. Subjecting Stem cells to hypoxic conditions can be beneficial.  True or False
14.  Significant amounts of SVF (Stromal Vascular Fraction) can be produced by the following methods

A. Use of Collagenase
B. Simple centrifugation
C. Ultrasound rapid sonication
D. Use of Lecithin
E. Using a 20-gauge cannula for lipo aspiration

1. A and E are correct
2. A and B and C are correct
3. A and C and D are correct
4. All the above are correct
15. Concerning the use of Extra Corporeal Shock Wave (ECSW) therapy the following statements are True
A. The electrical current generated seems to help stem cell motility
B. It seems to increase mitochondria size and function
C. Production of Lubricin seems to play a pivotal role on the beneficial effects of ECSW therapy especially on tendons
D. It can help promote angiogenesis
1. A and C are correct
2. A and B and C are correct
3. B and C and D are correct
4. All are correct
16.  PRP preparations typically have which components except
A. Platelets
B. Fibroblasts
C. Mast cells
D. Macrophages
E. Hematopoietic Stem Cells
17. Most Auto-immune diseases can be characterized the following

1.  Usually large numbers of T-reg cells are present.
2.  Mesenchymal stem cell 2 types are more numerous than type 1 MSCs
3.  Macrophage Type 1 is more numerous than type 2
4.  TH-1 and TH-17 portions of the Immune system have prevalent roles
A. 1 and 4 are correct
B. 1 and 2 and 3 are correct
C. All are correct
D. Only 4 is correct.
18. Which statements characterizing adipose tissue are correct?
1. 2 CCs of lea adipose tissue has similar amounts of cells as 2 CCs of obese adipose
2. Obese adipose typically has more Macrophage 2 cells
3. Cell profiles are about the same
4. More T-reg cells are found in obese adipose tissue.  
A. 1 and 4 are correct
B. 1 and 2 and 3 are correct
C. Only 3 is correct
D. All are false