Cell-free Fetal Nucleic Acids in Amniotic Fluid

L. Hui, D.W. Bianchi https://academic.oup.com/humupd/article/17/3/362/1387873 Cell-free fetal nucleic acids have mainly been examined in maternal plasma. Cell-free fetal nucleic acids have been found in greater concentrations in amniotic fluid than in maternal plasma. It is physiologically distinct from nucleic acids found in maternal plasma. What is Amniotic Fluid? Amniotic fluid is formed in the first…

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Osteochondral lesion of the ankle, a case of subjective and objective findings after arthroscopic surgery and orthobiologics treatment

Osteochondral lesion of the ankle, a case of subjective and objective findings after arthroscopic surgery and orthobiologics treatment.  IntroductionOsteochondral lesion of the talus (OLT) is a term used to describe an injury or abnormality of the talar articular cartilage also known as osteochondral defect (OCD). Ankle sprain is the most common medical history noted by…

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New Nanotech to Detect Cancer Early

Dr. Joshua Smith is a research scientist and team lead for IBM’s Nanobiotechnology Program. Around forty percent of the population will receive a cancer diagnosis within their lifetime. Accurate early diagnosis drastically increases the survival rate of most cancers. Current methods for diagnosis are invasive, costly, and not reliably accurate. Dr. Joshua Smith and his…

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A New Way to Grow Bone

Molly Stevens Molly Stevens is a researcher and head of a bio lab that focuses on creating new bio materials that can be used in disease diagnosis and towards repairing bone and human tissue. They developed a gel that is injected into the periosteum layer. It creates a cavity that promotes the proliferation of the…

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Can the Damaged Brain Repair Itself?

Dr. Chandran is currently serving as the Director of Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences at the Euan MacDonald Centre and Anne Rowling Regenerative Neurology Clinic at the University of Edinburgh. 35 million people worldwide suffer from degenerative neurological disorders costing an average of 700 billion dollars annually, yet there is still not a recognized effective…

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Self-assembling Peptide Scaffolds For Regenerative Medicine

John B. Matson, Samuel¬†I.¬†Stupp Bio-materials made from small peptide chains are ideal for creating scaffolds for tissue regeneration. Small peptides can assemble into spheres, cylinders, tubes, and many other useful scaffolding structures. Classes of Filamentous Supra-molecular Scaffolds Peptide amphiphiles are short chain peptides with a hydrophobic tail attached to a lipid chain capable of self…

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Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Environmentally Responsive Therapeutics for Regenerative Medicine

Matthew B. Murphy, Kathryn Moncivais, Arnold Caplan Recent studies have shown that mesenchymal stem cells originate as pericytes, an entity capable of responding to stimuli. Identification and Biology of MSCs Origin and Early Research Conheim first identified regenerative cells in the late 19th century. Mesenchymal cells were named in the laten 1980s due to their…

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